Today in the United Nations General Assembly, a cross-regional group of states affirmed the principles of universal human rights by blocking a hostile attempt to prevent the work established by the UN Human Rights Council of the Independent Expert on Discrimination and Violence based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity.
A small group of States attempted to stop the United Nation’s first ever Independent Expert on the “protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.” The Independent Expert role was created through United Nations Human Rights Council resolution A/HRC/RES/32/2 in June of this year and is held by Vitit Muntarbhorn, a Thai human rights expert.
Josefina Valencia, Regional Secretary of ILGALAC, stated that “this is the outcome of the coordinated work of the international community, the organizations, and those networks and countries that acknowledge the need to put an end to violence and discrimination against LGBTI people; now that the General Assembly of the United Nations has ratified the mandate of the Independent Expert, we must redouble our efforts and the commitment of States to protect our rights and endorse his mandate.”
Reaffirming the November 21st victory in the 3rd Committee of the UN General Assembly, member States today voted 84 against to the hostile amendment, 77 voted in favor with 16 abstentions. The SOGI Independent Expert will continue his work to document LGBT human rights violations globally.
Despite ample jurisprudence defining sexual orientation and gender identity in international human rights law, those who brought the hostile amendment contested the legal principles underpinning the mandate, arguing that sexual orientation and gender identity are not universally recognized as human rights concepts and are not codified in international law.
Pedro Paradiso Sottile, Executive Director of ILGALAC, said that “We are satisfied with the outcome, especially after all the attempts to undermine the mandate of the new Independent Expert. At the Regional Office of ILGALAC we declare our permanent readiness to collaborate with his work in the region so as to eliminate all forms of violence and discrimination against LGBTI people.”
This is the second hostile undertaking to block the Independent Expert from carrying out his mandate, following a failed attempt in the United Nations Third Committee in November. Leveraging the argument that the tight vote in the 3rd Committee shows a divided stance on issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity within the UN, a group of States led by Burkina Faso presented an amended resolution during the General Assembly Plenary today. The amendment served to reinsert language to defer action on the SOGI Independent Expert, ‘in order to allow time for further consultations to determine the legal basis upon which the mandate of the Expert is defined.’
The African Group has claimed that all of its member countries are against the mandate and against the rights of LGBT persons, but the voting results reveal a different story and include support of the Expert by key African States such South Africa and Cape Verde.
In advance of the vote some UN Member States, organizations opposed to the recognition of diverse families, and the Holy See heavily pressured States to vote against the mandate. Yet, in Asia and the Pacific Islands, these tactics were largely rebuffed. Pacific Island states like Micronesia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Tonga that were heavily lobbied with a right-wing agenda held their abstentions or did not vote. There was also good news from Nepal, a state that moved from an abstention to voting against the attack on universal human rights.
Beto de Jesus, Regional Secretary of ILGALAC, stated that “This election puts our regional work into perspective, Latin America has demonstrated strong leadership in the creation and protection of the Independent Expert mandate within the United Nations. However, it is necessary we focus our attention on those countries that skipped this historical opportunity. There is a lot of work to be done, and in ILGALAC we will keep on standing for our rights”.
Mainstream and LGBTIQ civil society groups from around the world supported the SOGI Independent Expert position. A statement signed by 870 non-government organizations from 157 countries highlighted the need for the expert citing continual and targeted violence and discrimination against LGBT people as well as the need to protect the integrity and authority of the UN Human Rights Council.
There was also good news from Latin America and the Caribbean. Antigua and Barbuda, Ecuador, St. Kitts, and Suriname all shifted their votes positively for the universal human rights system. States like Guatemala, Panamá, Paraguay, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela faced heavy lobbying by anti-human rights organizations, but they overall resisted pressure to vote against the Independent Expert on SOGI.
Renato Sabbadini, Executive Director of ILGA World, said that “as evidenced at our Regional Conference, we are sure that the Independent SOGI Expert will build bridges, instead of widening the gaps already existing in our communities, and among those people or States that consider that we are in search of “special rights”. Now, more than ever, our communities need allies to guarantee that ‘all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights’, as stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which should be a reality and not just a dream”.